What’s in an emoji? More than you think!


2024-04-15 17:12 multilingual


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Ah, the emoji — just a few artfully arranged pixels can communicate so much. From crushing disappointment to elation to true love, there’s an emoji for just about every human emotion and activity. But how do those emojis make it to your phone and work flawlessly despite the vast universe of devices, operating systems, and platforms that utilize them? That, friends, is the domain of the Unicode Standard and Research Working Group, and the process is as rigorous as the complicated technological ecosystem demands. Adding an emoji to the pantheon of expressive art icons goes well beyond a simple graphic art design. The working group considers emojis that can support multiple meanings, works well in sequence with other emojis, breaks new ground, bears distinctiveness, represents a term with high general usage, and fills a gap among existing emoji, among other considerations. It’s a topic members of the Unicode Emoji Standard and Research Working Group will dive into at a webinar scheduled for Tuesday, April 16, starting 9 a.m. Pacific Time featuring Jennifer Daniel, chair of the working group; Wilder Wells, program manager for the working group; and freelance journalist Samantha Sunne. Registration for the webinar is open. In anticipation of the webinar, we checked in with the Unicode Standard and Research Working Group to learn just how the humble emoji has reshaped world languages — and what the future might hold. Given the vast universe of computing devices that use emojis, are there special considerations that make them generally compatible? What does that process look like? Design is part of the process, seeking to align on meaningful moments of similarity even though different people or groups might interpret emoji in different ways. In addition to approving emojis, you compile and catalog support materials for everyone in this line of business. Can you give us an idea of the work that goes into that and the complexity of developing them? Once an emoji is accepted, there are many considerations and factors that go into its actual implementation in the Standard. This includes the following: Any new structure for emoji needs to be precisely defined in UTS #51 Unicode Emoji All property values for emoji need to be specified in property data files (e.g., 15.0.0/ucd/emoji/, emoji/15.0/, …) The precise default sort order for all emoji needs to be defined in CLDR The short emoji names and search keywords need to be collected in 90+ languages (e.g., Annotation Charts) MultiLingual writers have observed that the rise of the emoji represents a fascinating development in linguistic history and a hybridization of language systems. You could view it as an echo of logographic or hieroglyphic languages. What are your thoughts on this observation and, more generally, the near-universal use of emojis in modern language and communication? Many people have made these observations. Languages borrow structure and vocabulary from other languages, and no language has a clean pedigree — they’re borrowing all the time. But emoji are a different axis; they don’t function as language but as gestures when combined with a textual medium. They’re complementary to any language — but emoji are not universal in that they can have very different connotations in different cultures and languages. Emoji are dependent on text, so any “near-universal use of emojis in modern language and communication” is a strong measure mainly of their social value as paralanguage in terms of clarifying/modulating the emotional intent or tone of a message. This has long been a part of less formal writing systems offline (e.g., punctuation!!!), but the gestural aspect of emoji also allows a direct method for encoding body language. For the emoji of hands and faces, it’s easy to see how they’re doing the work of gestures, but the other emoji we have are also used to illustrate and emphasize text in ways that are very similar to the gestures that accompany speech. Is it possible that we could see a further evolution of emojis in the future, or are they more or less in their final form? When does a garden finish growing? There’s no beginning or end — language is always moving, and its environment and utility will always change. The emergence of Emoji Kitchen, for example, demonstrates how the emoji palette can be utilized to create new possibilities. Anything else you want to add? On behalf of the Emoji Standard & Research Group, thank you for the opportunity to address these questions!
啊,表情符号-只是一些巧妙安排的像素可以传达这么多。从极度失望到绝望再到真爱,几乎每一种人类情感和活动都有一个表情符号。 但是,这些表情符号是如何进入你的手机并在使用它们的设备、操作系统和平台的巨大宇宙中顺利工作的呢?朋友们,这是Unicode标准和研究工作组的领域,这个过程和复杂的技术生态系统要求一样严格。 添加一个表情符号的万神殿表现力的艺术图标远远超出了一个简单的图形艺术设计。工作组认为表情符号可以支持多种含义,与其他表情符号顺序良好,开辟新天地,具有独特性,代表一个具有高度普遍使用的术语,并填补了现有表情符号之间的空白。 这是Unicode编码标准和研究工作组的成员将在定于4月16日星期二太平洋时间上午9点开始的网络研讨会上深入探讨的一个主题,其中包括工作组主席Jennifer Daniel; Wilder Wells,工作组的项目经理;和自由记者Samantha Sunne。网络研讨会的注册已经开放。 在期待网络研讨会的同时,我们与Unicode标准和研究工作组进行了联系,以了解谦逊的表情符号是如何重塑世界语言的,以及未来可能会发生什么。 考虑到使用表情符号的计算设备的巨大宇宙,是否有特殊的考虑因素使它们普遍兼容?这个过程是什么样的? 设计是这个过程的一部分,寻求在有意义的相似时刻保持一致,即使不同的人或团体可能会以不同的方式解释表情符号。 除了批准表情符号,你还为这一行的每个人编写和编目支持材料。你能给我们一个想法的工作,进入和开发它们的复杂性? 一旦表情符号被接受,在标准中实际实施时会有许多考虑和因素。其中包括: 任何emoji的新结构都需要在UTS #51 Unicode Emoji中精确定义 表情符号的所有属性值都需要在属性数据文件中指定(例如,15.0.0/ucd/emoji/,emoji/15.0/,.) 所有emoji的精确默认排序顺序需要在CLDR中定义 简短的表情符号名称和搜索关键字需要收集90多种语言(例如,注释图表) 多语言作家观察到,表情符号的兴起代表了语言史上一个迷人的发展和语言系统的混合。你可以把它看作是语标或象形文字语言的回声。你对这一观察有什么看法,以及更普遍地说,表情符号在现代语言和交流中的几乎普遍使用? 许多人都提出了这些意见。语言从其他语言中借用结构和词汇,没有一种语言有一个干净的血统-他们一直在借用。但表情符号是一个不同的轴心;它们不起语言的作用,而是与文本媒介结合时的手势。 它们对任何语言都是互补的,但表情符号并不通用,因为它们在不同的文化和语言中可能有非常不同的含义。 表情符号依赖于文本,因此任何“在现代语言和交流中几乎普遍使用的表情符号”都是一个强有力的衡量标准,主要是在澄清/调节信息的情感意图或语气方面,它们作为社交语言的社会价值。长期以来,这一直是不太正式的离线书写系统的一部分(例如,标点符号!),但是表情符号的手势方面也允许用于编码身体语言的直接方法。 对于手和脸的表情符号,很容易看出它们是如何做手势的,但我们拥有的其他表情符号也用于说明和强调文本,其方式与伴随语音的手势非常相似。 我们是否有可能在未来看到表情符号的进一步演变,或者它们或多或少是最终形式? 花园什么时候结束生长?没有开始或结束-语言总是在移动,它的环境和用途总是会改变。 例如,Emoji Kitchen的出现展示了如何利用emoji调色板创造新的可能性。 你还有什么要补充的吗 我谨代表富士标准研究集团感谢您给我机会回答这些问题!