Warehouse Management: How to Run Efficient Warehouse Operations


2024-04-11 19:00 project manager


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Products can be manufactured, but they don’t end up in a customer’s hands until they’ve been stored in a warehouse. It acts as a waystation, a part of the larger manufacturing and fulfillment processes. The better the warehouse management, the greater the company’s success. After defining warehouse management and its importance, we’ll focus on its key areas and what the operation life cycle looks like. This is managed by a warehouse management system, which we’ll explain, and detail how project management software can help improve that process. What Is Warehouse Management? Warehouse management is the process by which the day-to-day operations of a warehouse are run. This includes high-level processes, such as receiving and organizing warehouse space, scheduling labor, managing inventory and fulfilling orders. At a more detailed level, that includes packing items, inventory management and order fulfillment. To run all those processes efficiently requires optimizing and integrating them into the larger warehouse management to ensure they’re working together to increase productivity while keeping costs low. Some of those processes, such as managing inventory, tracking quantities, monitoring expiration dates and organizing products based on customer demand fall under inventory management. Warehouse management can be done in-house, though many businesses choose to outsource warehouse logistics. Still, that work should be overseen by the business. They need a clear understanding of the planning, scheduling and monitoring of warehouse operations to ensure that they’re being done properly. ProjectManager is award-winning project and portfolio management software that has multiple project views to help plan, schedule and monitor warehouse operations. For example, robust Gantt charts can organize tasks, delegate stock work to employees and track stock levels in real time. All four types of dependencies can be linked to improve workflows and avoid delays for faster shipping and delivery. Setting a baseline provides transparency into planned versus actual progress to monitor your warehouse operations to ensure they’re going smoothly. Get started with ProjectManager today for free. Why Is Warehouse Management Important? While the customer doesn’t see how warehouse management impacts them at the purchase point, it’s an essential part of improving their satisfaction and loyalty to a brand. Warehouse management seeks to run its processes as efficiently and accurately as possible to support logistics management to ensure businesses deliver products efficiently to their customers, but that’s only one aspect of the benefits of warehouse management. Here are a few more. Supply Chain Management: The correct functioning of an organization’s warehouse has a direct impact on its supply chain management. Having fast, high-quality service at low cost can strengthen the entire supply chain, including relationships with suppliers as well as customers. Production Planning and Scheduling: Having an accurate forecast for the demand of a specific product and efficiently scheduling its production helps to avoid overproduction and minimizes inventory holding costs. It can eliminate bottlenecks and optimize resource use, all of which leads to saving money. Operational Efficiency: When operations are run smoothly, warehouses can quickly adapt to market fluctuations and demand, such as a spike in orders or a seasonal lull. Key Areas of Warehouse Management Warehouse management is composed of many different processes as a warehouse has other functions beyond storing stock. The following are some of the key functions, activities and processes that make up warehouse management. Inventory Management Most think of warehouses as a place to store things, which is one of its main functions. It deals with having access to what’s currently in stock, reviewing what has been in stock, analyzing sales to ensure that the available stock meets demand and identifying inventory levels to repurchase or retire stock demanding on business needs. Order Processing and Fulfillment Another key area of warehouse management is the ordering process, which is the workflow from order placement to deliveries or order fulfillment. Customer satisfaction depends on keeping this process reliable and accurate. Managing the process of receiving goods and then processing and delivering those orders to customers is a large part of warehouse management. Warehouse Monitoring and Reporting To be effective at inventory management and order processing and fulfillment required measuring and tracking key performance indicators (KPIs). Some of these KPIs include how efficient and productive the receiving process is, how accurate pricing is and what the ordering lead time, rate of return and inventory turnover are. Monitoring and reporting on these operational statistics provide insights into how well the warehouse is doing what it’s supposed to do. Warehouse Optimization This is the process that’s used to make sure that time, space and resources in the warehouse are being used as efficiently as possible. This can be done through automation and careful planning, which lead to improvements in customer satisfaction and experience. Warehouse Operations Warehouse operations are the activities associated with receiving, storing, packing and distributing goods in the warehouse. Warehouse management is responsible for controlling these warehousing operations to increase productivity and reduce costs. We’ve identified these processes and workflows below. Receiving This is when goods enter the warehouse. External suppliers often do this and it involves receiving checks, verifying orders against purchase orders, checking quality standards and making sure that everything is accounted for before they’re stored. Storing Once the receiving stage has been completed, the goods must be safely stored. Where items are stored depends on the item and can include cold storage units, room temperature racks, palletized racks, unit load devices, cage shelving systems or pallet racking systems. Picking When an order is being worked on, it needs to be picked up from the warehouse efficiently. There are several picking systems to do this, including batch, pick and pass, mobile scanning, wave, pallet, order consolidation cluster picking and more. Packing The process by which the picked items are placed in an appropriate shipping container. The packaging should be as cost-effective as possible without sacrificing the product’s safety. It must ensure that the product arrives undamaged and in working order. Shipping Shipping the package to the customer or a distribution center includes labeling the package, selecting the carrier and updating shipping information to all parties. This can be done in several ways, including dropshipping, self-fulfilling orders, or outsourcing fulfillment to a third-party logistics company. Returning If items are returned, the process follows these steps. They’re received and inspected for damage, completeness and accuracy. If there are issues, they’re reported to the appropriate department. The returned goods are then classified based on condition and intended disposition. They’re processed according to their classification and detailed records are kept, including the reason for the return, the condition, etc. Benefits of Effective Warehouse Management There are many advantages to employing warehouse management. Having a strategy and action plan in place always gives one more control over the process, which has its benefits. Below is a list of reasons why effective warehouse management is so important. Improved inventory control, tracking and demand forecasting Holding and labor cost reduction Enhanced customer service through faster order fulfillment and reduced errors Streamlined supply chain integration, supplier coordination and distribution channel integration Adaptability and scalability to market changes Inventory Management Template While project management software is a more effective tool to manage inventory, templates can be useful, too. This free inventory management template for Excel can record the level of stock and track turnover to document volume, price and more. The free inventory management template for Excel lists products, items or components, describes them and adds the prices and quantity. There are also columns to note whether the item is being reordered and at what level that action should be taken. What Is a Warehouse Management System? A warehouse management system (WMS) is software that simplifies warehouse management. It can do an array of activities from leveraging data and automation to better analyze and forecast sales, provide real-time insights into inventory management and monitor productivity, among other things. Using a warehouse management system provides data to better understand how to more efficiently operate a warehouse. Through these insights, improvements can be made to the warehouse geography to optimize space and more. Some can share data with other software, such as accounting and transportation management solutions, which further increase efficiency. How ProjectManager Helps Manage Warehouse Operations Using a warehouse management system is going to offer advantages to templates. Templates, after all, are static documents that require manual updates. They’re also standalone documents that hinder rather than facilitate efficient processes. ProjectManager is award-winning project and portfolio management software that can plan, schedule and monitor warehouse operations in real time, as noted above. But it can also manage customer orders and track operational costs. Manage Customer Orders With Kanban Boards Tracking orders from customers and ensuring the fulfillment of their orders on time can be facilitated with the use of customizable kanban boards. It’s easy to create columns that reflect the order life cycle, attaching the order to a kanban card, which can include workflow automation to reduce time on minor activities and improve processing. Plus, task approval settings ensure quality control. Track Warehouse Operations Costs With Timesheets and Real-Time Dashboards Manage resources and keep employees working at capacity by visiting the team page that shows the allocation of all the employees. From there, balance their workload to keep everyone productive. Employees can auto-populate their timesheets weekly, which also gives managers insights into labor costs. For a high-level overview of operational costs, use the real-time dashboard that captures live data and displays it on easy-to-read graphs and charts that show costs, workload and more. Related Manufacturing Content Warehouse management is a small part of logistics management, manufacturing and production management. To read more on this topic, follow the links below. ProjectManager’s website is full of free resources, including weekly blogs, tutorial videos and free templates. Logistics Management 101: A Beginner’s Guide 10 Free Manufacturing Excel Templates (Download Now) Production Management: A Quick Guide ProjectManager is online project and portfolio management software that connects teams whether they’re in the office, the warehouse or anywhere in between. They can share files, comment at the task level and stay up to date with email and in-app notifications. Join teams from Avis, Nestle and Siemens who use our software to deliver successful projects. Get started with ProjectManager today for free.
产品可以被制造出来,但在被储存在仓库之前,它们不会最终到达客户手中。它作为一个中转站,是更大的制造和履行过程的一部分。仓库管理越好,公司的成功就越大。 在定义了仓库管理及其重要性之后,我们将重点讨论其关键领域以及运营生命周期。这是由仓库管理系统管理的,我们将对此进行解释,并详细说明项目管理软件如何帮助改进该过程。 什么是仓储管理? 仓库管理是仓库日常运作的过程。这包括高级流程,例如接收和组织仓库空间、安排劳动力、管理库存和履行订单。在更详细的层面上,这包括包装项目,库存管理和订单履行。 为了有效地运行所有这些流程,需要将它们优化并集成到更大的仓库管理中,以确保它们协同工作,提高生产力,同时保持低成本。其中一些流程,如管理库存、跟踪数量、监控到期日期和根据客户需求组织产品,都属于库存管理。 仓库管理可以在内部完成,尽管许多企业选择外包仓库物流。不过,这项工作应该由企业监督。他们需要清楚地了解仓库运营的规划、调度和监控,以确保正确完成这些操作。 ProjectManager是一款屡获殊荣的项目和投资组合管理软件,具有多个项目视图,可帮助计划、安排和监控仓库运营。例如,强大的库存图可以组织任务,将库存工作委托给员工,并实时跟踪库存水平。所有四种类型的依赖关系都可以链接起来,以改善工作流程,避免延迟,从而加快运输和交付速度。设置基线可以让计划进度与实际进度保持透明,从而监控仓库运营,确保其顺利进行。立即免费开始使用ProjectManager。 为什么仓库管理很重要? 虽然客户没有看到仓库管理如何影响他们在购买点,这是提高他们的满意度和忠诚度的品牌的重要组成部分.仓库管理寻求尽可能高效和准确地运行其流程,以支持物流管理,确保企业有效地将产品交付给客户,但这只是仓库管理好处的一个方面。这里还有一些。 供应链管理:一个组织的仓库的正确运作对其供应链管理有直接影响。以低成本提供快速、高质量的服务可以加强整个供应链,包括与供应商和客户的关系。 生产计划和调度:对特定产品的需求进行准确预测并有效地调度其生产有助于避免生产过剩并最大限度地降低库存持有成本。它可以消除瓶颈并优化资源使用,所有这些都可以节省资金。 运营效率:当运营顺利时,仓库可以快速适应市场波动和需求,例如订单激增或季节性淡季。 仓库管理的关键领域 仓库管理由许多不同的流程组成,因为仓库除了存储库存外还有其他功能。以下是构成仓库管理的一些关键功能、活动和流程。 库存管理 大多数人认为仓库是储存东西的地方,这是它的主要功能之一。它涉及访问当前库存的内容,查看库存中的内容,分析销售情况以确保可用库存满足需求,并确定库存水平以回购或淘汰业务需求的库存。 订单处理和履行 仓库管理的另一个关键领域是订购流程,这是从下订单到交付或订单履行的工作流程。客户满意度取决于保持这一过程的可靠性和准确性。管理接收货物,然后处理并将这些订单交付给客户的过程是仓库管理的重要组成部分。 仓库监控和报告 为了有效地进行库存管理和订单处理,需要测量和跟踪关键绩效指标(KPI)。其中一些KPI包括接收流程的效率和生产力,定价的准确性以及订购提前期,退货率和库存周转率。对这些操作统计数据的监控和报告可以让您深入了解仓库在做它应该做的事情方面做得有多好。 仓库优化 这是一个用来确保仓库中的时间、空间和资源尽可能有效使用的过程。这可以通过自动化和精心规划来实现,从而提高客户满意度和体验。 仓库运营 仓库操作是与接收、储存、包装和分发仓库中的货物相关的活动。仓库管理负责控制这些仓储操作,以提高生产力并降低成本。我们在下面确定了这些流程和工作流。 接收 这是货物进入仓库的时候。外部供应商经常这样做,它涉及到接收支票,根据采购订单验证订单,检查质量标准,并确保在存储之前所有东西都被考虑在内。 存储 一旦接收阶段完成,货物必须安全储存。物品的存储位置取决于物品,可以包括冷藏单元,室温货架,冷藏货架,单元负载设备,笼式货架系统或托盘货架系统。 采摘 当订单正在处理时,需要有效地从仓库中提取。有几种拣选系统可以做到这一点,包括批次,拣选和传递,移动扫描,波浪,托盘,订单整合集群拣选等。 包装 将挑库的物料放入适当的装运容器中的过程。包装应尽可能具有成本效益,而不牺牲产品的安全性。它必须确保产品完好无损地到达并处于工作状态。 航运 将包裹运送到客户或配送中心包括给包裹贴标签、选择承运人以及向所有各方更新运送信息。这可以通过几种方式来实现,包括直销,自我履行订单或将履行外包给第三方物流公司。 返回 如果返回了项目,则流程将遵循以下步骤。他们收到并检查损坏,完整性和准确性。如果有问题,他们会报告给相关部门。然后根据状况和预期处置对退回的货物进行分类。它们按照分类进行处理,并保留详细的记录,包括退货原因,状况等。 有效仓库管理的好处 采用仓库管理有很多优点。有一个战略和行动计划到位总是给一个更多的控制过程,这有它的好处。下面是为什么有效的仓库管理是如此重要的原因列表。 改进库存控制、跟踪和需求预测 保持和劳动力成本降低 通过更快的订单履行和减少错误来增强客户服务 简化供应链整合、供应商协调和分销渠道整合 对市场变化的适应性和可扩展性 库存管理模板 虽然项目管理软件是管理库存的更有效工具,但模板也很有用。这个免费的Excel库存管理模板可以记录库存水平和跟踪周转到文档数量,价格等。 Excel的免费库存管理模板列出了产品、项目或组件,对其进行了描述,并添加了价格和数量。还有一些列用于说明项目是否正在重新排序以及应该在什么级别执行操作。 什么是仓储管理系统? 仓库管理系统(WMS)是一种简化仓库管理的软件。它可以做一系列的活动,从利用数据和自动化来更好地分析和预测销售,提供对库存管理的实时见解和监控生产力等。 使用仓库管理系统提供数据,以更好地了解如何更有效地操作仓库。通过这些见解,可以对仓库地理进行改进,以优化空间等。有些软件可以与其他软件共享数据,如会计和运输管理解决方案,这进一步提高了效率。 ProjectManager如何帮助管理仓库运营 使用仓库管理系统将为模板提供优势。毕竟,模板是需要手动更新的静态文档。它们也是阻碍而不是促进有效流程的独立文档。ProjectManager是屡获殊荣的项目和投资组合管理软件,可以实时计划,调度和监控仓库运营,如上所述。但它也可以管理客户订单和跟踪运营成本。 使用看板管理客户订单 使用可定制的看板可以帮助跟踪客户订单并确保按时完成订单。您可以轻松创建反映订单生命周期的列,将订单附加到看板卡,这可以包括工作流自动化,以减少次要活动的时间并改善处理。此外,任务审批设置可确保质量控制。 使用时间表和实时仪表板跟踪仓库运营成本 通过访问显示所有员工分配的团队页面,管理资源并保持员工满负荷工作。从那里开始,平衡他们的工作量,让每个人都保持高效。员工可以每周自动填写他们的时间表,这也让经理了解劳动力成本。对于运营成本的高级概览,请使用实时仪表板,该仪表板可捕获实时数据并将其显示在易于阅读的图表上,以显示成本、工作负载等。 相关制造内容 仓储管理是物流管理、制造业和生产管理的一个小部分。要阅读更多关于这个主题,请点击下面的链接。ProjectManager的网站充满了免费资源,包括每周博客,教程视频和免费模板。 物流管理101:初学者指南 10个免费的制造业Excel模板(立即下载) 生产管理:快速指南 ProjectManager是一款在线项目和投资组合管理软件,它可以将团队连接起来,无论他们是在办公室、仓库还是在两者之间的任何地方。他们可以共享文件,在任务级别发表评论,并通过电子邮件和应用内通知保持最新状态。加入安飞士、雀巢和西门子的团队,使用我们的软件交付成功的项目。立即免费开始使用ProjectManager。