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API data refers to a compilation of passenger information extracted from travel documents by air carriers during check-in. This dataset includes biographic details and travel route specifics. Typically, API data confirms passenger identities. Air carriers gather API data during check-in, whether online or at the airport. This information resides within airline systems and is subsequently transmitted to border authorities in the form of a comprehensive ‘passenger list manifest,’ encompassing all travellers aboard departing flights. Annually, the European Union experiences the transit of over a billion passengers, whether they are arriving, departing, or journeying within its territories. This substantial volume exerts significant strain on the EU’s external air borders, demanding thorough scrutiny of all travellers, be they non-EU nationals or EU citizens, against relevant databases. Effectively managing this influx requires expediting airport border controls while upholding stringent security protocols and facilitating smooth passenger movements. Achieving this delicate equilibrium hinges on the precise, inclusive, and timely utilization of API data. In December 2022, the Commission introduced two proposals to overhaul the regulations governing the collection and transmission of advance passenger information (API) data. The first focuses on the collection and transfer of advance passenger information (API) for enhancing and facilitating external border controls, while the second focuses on the collection and transfer of advance passenger information for the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of terrorist offences and serious crime, and amending Regulation. These proposals aim to supersede the existing directive with two regulations. The Commission seeks to harmonize API data collection requirements, encompassing all air travellers across all flights, enhance the accuracy and comprehensiveness of collected data, and establish a centralized router. This router will serve as the primary point for receiving and distributing data, replacing the current system comprising multiple connections between air carriers and national authorities. Conclusion Advance Passenger Information (API) is a crucial strategy aimed at gathering traveller data and other flight details to verify passengers’ identities and ensure safety within European territory. Given its sensitivity, the Commission diligently works to implement and maintain its operations to prevent any breaches or malfunctions. In December 2022, the Commission worked on a set of new proposals with the objective of harmonising and strengthening the accuracy of the collected data. Bibliography: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/es/qanda_22_7646 Collection and transfer of advance passenger information (API) for enhancing and facilitating external border controls – In “Promoting our European Way of Life”: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/legislative-train/theme-promoting-our-european-way-of-life/file-revision-of-the-advance-passenger-information-(api)-directive COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 2004/82/EC of 29 April 2004 on the obligation of carriers to communicate passenger data: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1539330723694&uri=CELEX:32004L0082 Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCILOn the collection and transfer of advance passenger information (API) for enhancing and facilitating external border controls, amending Regulation (EU) 2019/817 and Regulation (EU) 2018/1726, and repealing Council Directive 2004/82/EC: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52022PC0729 Written by Marilena Martucci Born and raised in Fasano, Italy, she developed a deep fascination for linguistics and diverse modes of communication. Her academic journey commenced with a Bachelor’s degree in Linguistics and Intercultural Communication in Bari, followed by advanced studies in Linguistics and Translation in Pisa. Fueled by her passion for Portuguese culture and language, she embarked on two enriching Erasmus experiences in Coimbra and Lisbon. After completing her Master’s degree, she settled in Lisbon, immersing herself in the fields of Journalism and Communication while continuously refining her expertise in languages and translation. Specialising in medical translation, she furthered her academic pursuits by studying Economics and Communication. She transitioned to a career in translation as Schuman Trainee at the European Parliament, focusing on terminology. Beyond her professional life, she enjoys exploring new cuisines, cooking, dancing, and indulging in literature.
空气污染指数数据是指航空公司在办理登机手续时从旅行证件中提取的乘客资料汇编。该数据集包括传记细节和旅行路线细节。通常,API数据确认乘客身份。 航空公司在办理登机手续时收集API数据,无论是在线还是在机场。这些信息存在于航空公司系统内,随后以全面的“乘客名单”形式传送给边境当局,其中包括离境航班上的所有旅客。 欧洲联盟每年有超过10亿旅客过境,无论他们是抵达、离开还是在其领土内旅行。这一巨大的数量对欧盟的外部空中边界造成了巨大的压力,要求对照相关数据库对所有旅行者进行彻底审查,无论他们是非欧盟国民还是欧盟公民。有效管理这种涌入需要加快机场边境管制,同时坚持严格的安全协议,促进旅客顺利流动。实现这种微妙的平衡取决于API数据的准确、包容和及时利用。 2022年12月,欧盟委员会提出了两项建议,以彻底改革有关收集和传输乘客信息预报(API)数据的法规。第一个重点是收集和传递旅客信息预报,以加强和便利外部边境管制,第二个重点是收集和传递旅客信息预报,以预防、侦查、调查和起诉恐怖主义罪行和严重罪行,并修订条例。这些建议旨在用两项法规取代现有的指令。欧盟委员会力求统一API数据收集要求,涵盖所有航班的所有航空旅客,提高收集数据的准确性和全面性,并建立一个中央路由器。该路由器将作为接收和分发数据的主要点,取代目前由航空公司和国家当局之间的多个连接组成的系统。 结论 旅客信息预报是一项重要战略,旨在收集旅客数据和其他航班详细信息,以核实旅客身份并确保欧洲境内的安全。鉴于其敏感性,委员会努力实施和维持其业务,以防止任何违规或故障。于2022年12月,委员会制定了一系列新建议,旨在协调及加强所收集数据的准确性。 参考书目: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/es/qanda_22_7646 为加强和便利外部边境管制收集和传递旅客信息预报-在“促进我们欧洲的生活方式”中:https://www.europarl.europa.eu/legislative-train/theme-promoting-our-europa-way-of-life/file-revision-of-the-advance-passenger-information-(api)-directive 2004年4月29日关于承运人有义务传达乘客数据的理事会指令2004/82/EC:https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/? qid=1539330723694&uri=CELEX:32004L0082 欧洲议会和欧洲委员会关于收集和传输旅客信息预报(API)以加强和促进外部边境管制,修订法规(欧盟)2019/817和法规(欧盟)2018/1726,并废除理事会指令2004/82/EC的建议:https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/? uri=CELEX%3A52022PC0729 作者:Marilena Martucci 她在意大利法萨诺出生并长大,对语言学和多种交流模式产生了浓厚的兴趣。她的学术之旅始于巴里的语言学和跨文化交际学士学位,随后在比萨进行语言学和翻译的高级研究。在对葡萄牙文化和语言的热情的推动下,她在科英布拉和里斯本开始了两次丰富的伊拉斯谟体验。完成硕士学位后,她定居在里斯本,沉浸在新闻和传播领域,同时不断完善她在语言和翻译方面的专业知识。她专攻医学翻译,并通过学习经济学和传播学来进一步发展她的学术追求。她在欧洲议会担任舒曼培训生,专注于术语翻译。除了她的职业生活,她喜欢探索新的美食,烹饪,舞蹈,并沉迷于文学。