How to Manage a Residential Construction Project


2023-11-15 20:00 project manager


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There are four types of construction projects: commercial construction, industrial construction, infrastructure construction and residential construction. Residential construction might be the easiest for laypeople to understand as most of us live in these types of structures. But do we really know what residential construction is? Before we get into the management of a residential construction project, we’ll explore the meaning of residential construction and examples of the two major types of residential construction. We’ll also define the key areas of residential construction and how residential construction differs from commercial construction. What Is Residential Construction? Residential construction is defined as the construction, alteration or repair of single-family and multi-family dwellings. Residential construction as with other types of construction can be complex. It’s broken down into phases and there are many stakeholders involved in the process. Residential construction usually involves six stages, beginning with site preparation and pouring the foundation. After that is rough framing followed by rough plumbing, electrical and heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC). Installation of the walls is next and then drywall is installed as well as interior primer finishes. Finally, the interior trim is done and driveways and walkways are also completed. Of course, that’s a simplified list of steps. There’s also flooring, fixtures and landscaping. One thing is for certain, to manage all these stages requires project management software. ProjectManager is award-winning project management software that has powerful Gantt charts to plan, manage and track construction stages in real time. Besides organizing tasks and adding milestones, you can also link all four types of dependencies to avoid costly delays that can eat into your profit margin. It’s easy to filter for the critical path and identify essential tasks. When you set a baseline, you can not track planned progress against actual progress in real time to help you stay on schedule. Get started with ProjectManager today for free. Residential Construction Project Examples Residential construction might be a subset of the larger construction industry, but it can also be broken down into two main categories: single-family housing and multi-family residential buildings. Let’s take a closer look at these two types of residential construction. Single-Family Housing This is a residential construction that’s unattached to other buildings. It stands alone and has its own private lot of land around the structure. Single-family homes tend to have more privacy than other residences but can be built very close to each other. The styles of single-family homes run the gamut from craftsman, victorian and ranch to mid-century modern, Spanish revival and many more. Some styles require more maintenance than others and the homeowner is responsible for all the costs associated with upkeep. Multi-Family Residential Buildings Multi-family residential buildings can be further subdivided into two categories: condominiums and townhouses. Condominiums are separate units that are part of a larger complex or community, such as an apartment building. Condominiums or condos will usually have at least a wall in common with another apartment. They’re part of a homeowners’ association and are charged a monthly or yearly fee. You’ll find these in high-density metropolitan areas. There are also apartment complexes that aren’t owned by the residents themselves, but by someone else who rents them. Then there are townhouses, which can be looked upon as a combination of a single-family home and a condo. They tend to be multi-story buildings with one or more common walls with other townhouses so they’re more private than a condo and less expensive than a single-family home. Unlike many condos, townhouses usually don’t have common amenities such as a gym or pool. Key Areas of Residential Construction Projects As in any construction project, residential construction requires a process to get from the idea to the product. Residential construction projects vary in complexity, but all of them will follow the same process. The construction process is project conception, design and planning, building permits, pre-construction, procurement, construction and post-construction. Across this process are key areas of residential construction that are shared regardless of the project. These factors must be considered in order to have a successful residential construction project. Let’s take a moment to explore these key areas of residential construction projects more closely. Project Location You can’t build something without having a space on which to erect it. Therefore, location is an essential part of the residential construction process. There will be many factors to consider when choosing a location, from accessible roadways, near or far from restaurants and retail. There are also practical considerations, such as if the area is in a flood or fire zone. You want the property to be attractive to residential customers and safe. Related: 11 Free Construction Excel Templates Architectural Design Process Once the location has been secured, then you’ll have to work on the architectural design process. This requires finding a builder and architect who can create the type of residential property you want. That’ll require a vision of house style, size, amenities, etc. You’ll also want to do some research on the builder to make sure that they’re reliable and deliver quality on time. Contractor Management Once you have a builder or a general contractor to manage all the various subcontractors that’ll be working on the job site, you’ll want to employ contractor management to ensure everything is going according to plan. Contractor management is a system to make sure that the contractor services support safe facility operations and meet performance goals. This will address the selection, acquisition, use and monitoring of contracted services. Zoning and Building Permits All buildings have to follow regulations and follow code compliance. Before any construction project starts or even before planning begins, zoning and building permits must be pulled from the appropriate governmental agencies. While some clients might want you to cut corners and not build exactly to code, which can be more expensive, what they’re not considering is working with an unlicensed contractor who doesn’t pull permits means that they probably don’t have workman’s compensation and other insurance. If something happens on the job site, you’ll be liable. Equipment Rental It’s usually not financially beneficial for most residential construction contractors to invest in the purchase, storage and maintenance of the various big machinery needed to move earth and build residential structures. Most rent machines and tools that they need for the job. This gives residential builders flexibility and readily available cash flows. It also provides them with well-maintained and reliable equipment that’s usually the safest and most updated. Scope of Work A scope of work is essential for any type of project. In residential construction, the scope of work lists all the construction obligations as well as the work activities for all contractors, subcontractors and supplies. The scope of work is written out and usually included in the contract so it can be agreed upon and signed to make it official. Procurement Procurement is the process of securing all the products and services required for the residential construction project. The project manager will define the project requirements, solicit bids, buy or lease supplies and equipment, monitor the construction contracts and resolve any conflicts with the budget, timelines or quality. Residential Construction vs. Commercial Construction While residential construction and commercial construction share many commonalities, there are differences that are important to understand. The main difference between these two types of construction is the name. But seriously, construction is construction. The phases, the processes and the resources are almost identical. The end product, however, is different. Residential construction will result in apartments, and single-family homes, but commercial construction delivers facilities, warehouses and business establishments. There are some differences in terms of codes or regulations that must be followed. There’s often a difference in the building materials used and the cost can be significantly different. Even the equipment can be different. But the general process is roughly the same. How to Use ProjectManager to Manage Residential Construction Projects Residential construction, like all construction, is helped when the general contractor and construction crew are using project management software. ProjectManager is award-winning project management software that helps you plan, manage and track your residential construction projects in real time. Besides robust Gantt charts to schedule work, we have tools to help you monitor your progress in real time to help you keep to that schedule and resource management tools that add to your productivity. Monitor Your Progress With Real-Time Dashboards Once you’re in the construction phase of a project you have to keep a close eye on the work being done to make sure you’re meeting project milestones. Our real-time dashboard collects live data automatically and displays it on easy-to-read graphs and charts. You can get a high-level view of the project when you need it, seeing metrics from time to costs and even workload. Unlike inferior products, there’s no time-consuming setup required. Just toggle over to our dashboard and it’s ready when you are. Manager Resources and Boost Productivity Our resource management features make it easier for contractors to keep their teams working productivity. First, you can set their availability, including PTO, holidays and vacation time, which makes it simple to assign tasks. Then you can check on the whole team’s workload by using our workload chart. It’s color-coded so it’s easy to see who is overallocated and balance the team’s workload right from the chart to have everyone working at capacity. Those are only a couple of the features that are included with our software. We have secure timesheets, customizable reports and much more. There’s risk management software to help you plan against those unexpected events that can take you off track quickly. We’re a great fit for any type of construction project, especially residential construction. ProjectManager is online project management software that connects teams in the office, on the job site or anywhere in between. Share files, comment at the task level and more to foster greater collaboration. Get started with ProjectManager today for free
建筑项目有四种类型:商业建筑、工业建筑、基础设施建设和住宅建设。住宅建筑可能是外行人最容易理解的,因为我们大多数人都生活在这种类型的结构中。但是我们真的知道什么是住宅建设吗? 在我们进入住宅建设项目的管理之前,我们将探讨住宅建设的含义和两种主要类型的住宅建设的例子。我们还将定义住宅建筑的关键领域,以及住宅建筑与商业建筑的不同之处。 什么是住宅建设? 住宅建设被定义为单户和多户住宅的建设、改造或维修。住宅建筑和其他类型的建筑一样复杂。它被分解成几个阶段,有许多利益相关者参与到这个过程中。 住宅建设通常包括六个阶段,从场地准备和浇筑地基开始。之后是粗糙的框架,接着是粗糙的管道、电气和供暖、通风和空调(HVAC)。接下来是安装墙壁,然后安装干墙和室内底漆。最后,内部装饰完成,车道和人行道也完成了。 当然,这是一个简化的步骤列表。还有地板、固定装置和景观。有一点是肯定的,管理所有这些阶段需要项目管理软件。ProjectManager是屡获殊荣的项目管理软件,具有强大的甘特图来实时规划、管理和跟踪施工阶段。除了组织任务和添加里程碑,您还可以链接所有四种类型的依赖关系,以避免代价高昂的延迟,这会侵蚀您的利润率。很容易过滤关键路径并确定基本任务。当您设置基线时,您不能实时跟踪计划进度和实际进度,以帮助您按计划进行。立即免费开始使用ProjectManager。 住宅建设项目实例 住宅建筑可能是更大的建筑业的一个子集,但它也可以分为两大类:单户住宅和多户住宅建筑。让我们仔细看看这两种类型的住宅建筑。 单户住宅 这是一栋独立于其他建筑的住宅建筑。它是独立的,在建筑周围有自己的私人土地。独栋住宅往往比其他住宅有更多的隐私,但可以建得非常近。独栋住宅的风格涵盖了从工匠风格、维多利亚风格和牧场风格到中世纪现代风格、西班牙复兴风格等等。有些风格比其他风格需要更多的维护,房主负责所有与维护相关的费用。 多户住宅 多户住宅建筑可以进一步细分为两类:共管公寓和联排别墅。共管公寓是独立的单元,是更大的综合体或社区(如公寓楼)的一部分。共管公寓或共管公寓通常至少有一面墙与另一套公寓相同。他们是业主协会的成员,按月或按年收费。你会在高密度的大都市找到这些。 还有一些公寓楼不是住户自己所有的,而是别人租的。然后是联排别墅,可以被视为单户住宅和公寓的结合。它们往往是多层建筑,有一面或多面与其他联排别墅相同的墙,因此它们比公寓更私密,比独栋住宅更便宜。与许多公寓不同,联排别墅通常没有健身房或游泳池等公共设施。 住宅建设项目重点领域 与任何建筑项目一样,住宅建设需要一个从想法到产品的过程。住宅建设项目的复杂程度各不相同,但都将遵循相同的流程。施工过程包括项目构思、设计和规划、建筑许可、施工前、采购、施工和施工后。 在这个过程中,住宅建设的关键领域是共享的,与项目无关。这些因素必须考虑,以有一个成功的住宅建设项目。让我们花点时间更仔细地探讨一下住宅建设项目的这些关键领域。 项目位置 你不能建造一个没有空间来竖立它的东西。因此,位置是住宅建设过程中必不可少的一部分。在选择地点时,会有许多因素需要考虑,从无障碍道路,靠近或远离餐馆和零售店。还有一些实际的考虑,例如该地区是否处于洪水或火灾区域。你希望该物业对住宅客户有吸引力且安全。 相关:11个免费建筑Excel模板 建筑设计过程 一旦地点确定下来,你就必须开始建筑设计过程。这需要找到一个建筑商和建筑师谁可以创造你想要的住宅物业类型。这需要对房子的风格、大小、设施等有一个清晰的认识。你还需要对建筑商做一些研究,以确保他们是可靠的,并按时交付质量。 承包商管理 一旦你有一个建筑商或总承包商来管理将在工作现场工作的所有各种分包商,你会希望雇用承包商管理,以确保一切按计划进行。承包商管理是一个确保承包商服务支持安全设施运行并满足绩效目标的系统。这将涉及选择、采购、使用和监测订约承办事务。 分区和建筑许可证 所有建筑都必须遵守法规和规范。在任何建设项目开始之前,甚至在规划开始之前,必须从适当的政府机构获得分区和建筑许可。虽然一些客户可能希望你偷工减料,不完全按照代码建造,这可能会更昂贵,但他们没有考虑的是,与没有许可证的无证承包商合作,这意味着他们可能没有工人赔偿和其他保险。如果工地上发生了什么事,你要承担责任。 设备租赁 对于大多数住宅建筑承包商来说,投资购买、储存和维护移动土方和建造住宅结构所需的各种大型机械通常在经济上没有好处。大多数人租用工作所需的机器和工具。这给了住宅建筑商灵活性和随时可用的现金流。它还为他们提供维护良好、可靠的设备,这些设备通常是最安全、最新的。 工作范围 工作范围对于任何类型的项目都是必不可少的。在住宅建筑中,工作范围列出了所有建筑义务以及所有承包商、分包商和供应品的工作活动。工作范围是写出来的,通常包括在合同中,这样就可以达成一致并签署,使其正式化。 采购 采购是获得住宅建设项目所需的所有产品和服务的过程。项目经理将确定项目要求,招标,购买或租赁用品和设备,监督施工合同,并解决与预算、时间表或质量的任何冲突。 住宅建筑与商业建筑 虽然住宅建筑和商业建筑有许多共同点,但理解其中的差异很重要。这两种结构的主要区别在于名称。 不过说真的,建设就是建设。阶段、过程和资源几乎相同。然而,最终产品是不同的。住宅建设将产生公寓和独栋住宅,但商业建设提供设施、仓库和商业机构。 在必须遵守的规范或法规方面存在一些差异。使用的建筑材料通常会有所不同,成本也会有很大差异。甚至设备也可以不一样。但一般流程大致相同。 如何使用ProjectManager管理住宅建设项目 像所有建筑一样,当总承包商和施工人员使用项目管理软件时,住宅建筑会得到帮助。ProjectManager是一款屡获殊荣的项目管理软件,可帮助您实时规划、管理和跟踪您的住宅建设项目。除了强大的甘特图来安排工作,我们还有工具来帮助您实时监控您的进度,以帮助您遵守时间表,还有资源管理工具来提高您的工作效率。 使用实时仪表板监控您的进度 一旦你处于项目的构建阶段,你必须密切关注正在进行的工作,以确保你达到项目的里程碑。我们的实时仪表板自动收集实时数据,并将其显示在易于阅读的图形和图表上。您可以在需要时获得项目的高级视图,查看从时间到成本甚至工作量的指标。与劣质产品不同,不需要耗时的设置。只需切换到我们的仪表板,它就准备好了。 管理资源,提升生产力 我们的资源管理功能使承包商更容易保持团队的工作效率。首先,您可以设置他们的可用性,包括PTO、假期和休假时间,这使得分配任务变得简单。然后你可以使用我们的工作量表来检查整个团队的工作量。它用颜色编码,因此很容易从图表中看出谁被过度分配,并平衡团队的工作量,让每个人都满负荷工作。 这些只是我们软件中包含的几个功能。我们有安全的时间表、可定制的报告等等。有风险管理软件可以帮助你计划应对那些可能让你很快偏离轨道的意外事件。我们非常适合任何类型的建筑项目,尤其是住宅建筑。 ProjectManager是一款在线项目管理软件,它将办公室、工作现场或两者之间的任何地方的团队联系起来。共享文件、在任务级别进行评论等,以促进更好的协作。立即免费开始使用ProjectManager