10 Fun Facts about Nicaragua, Land of Lakes and Volcanos


2021-04-07 12:25 GALA


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Rosario Traducciones continues the tour of Latin America in another edition of #ElEspañolEnElMundo. The eighth edition takes us to the longest country in Central America. Do you need to communicate with a Latin American audience? Are you exporting or selling your products and services to Spanish-speaking countries? Rosario Traducciones y Servicios SA invites you to join us on a virtual linguistic tour through the different countries of Latin America, as we explore their diversity and cultural richness. This month we travel to Nicaragua, the longest country in Central America, known for its great natural richness. It is said that the name Nicaragua comes from the Nahuatl language, meaning “right next to the water.” There is another version, less supported by historians, that suggests Nicaragua derives from the Amerindian King Nicarao, who reigned before the arrival of the Spaniards over what is today Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Nicaragua is a country rich in aquatic resources. Cocibolca, the largest lake in Central America and the third largest in Latin America, is 8264 km2 large. Two other important water resources in Nicaragua include Xolotlán, the second largest in Central America, and Río Coco, the longest river that runs entirely within the Central American isthmus. Nicaragua's location in the Pacific Ring of Fire is the most seismic area on the planet. For this reason, Managua, the capital city, does not have many buildings and is the city in the world that has volcanic lagoons in its interior and surroundings. There are also 58 volcanos, six of which are active. Most Nicaraguan streets have no name. This has not been a problem for its inhabitants, who designed a quite effective system of reference points—a tree, a traffic light, a monument, among others—to describe locations from which they count how many blocks it takes to reach the next marker. For example, “one block west of the traffic lights at Santa Ana Church” or “two blocks south of the church, half a block east of the college, in front of the bank.” Rubén Darío was a poet, journalist and diplomat, recognized for initiating the Spanish literary movement known as modernism. The Nicaraguan writer was one of the main authors and greatest influences on Hispanic poetry in the twentieth century, earning him the nickname "Prince of Castilian Letters." The Managua national theater was named in his honor and is considered by the New York Times as the best theater in Latin America for its acoustic design. Nicaraguans are also known colloquially as "Nicas" to "Pinoleros." "Nica" is short for the formal name "Nicaraguans." "Pinoleros" refers to the high consumption of pinol (a powder made from roasted and ground corn, which is used as breadcrumbs.) Nicaragua has two world heritage sites awarded by UNESCO: the ruins of the León city, and its cathedral, which is the largest in Central America and the third largest in the continent. In addition, the country has three cultural assets also awarded by UNESCO, the Garifuna language, music and culture. Güegüense is the most remarkable asset - a satire considered to be the first play in Nicaraguan literature, and most likely the first play in the Americas. Lake Nicaragua, also known as Cocibolca, is the only freshwater lake containing oceanic animal life, including sharks, swordfish, and tarpon. This phenomenon is due to the fact that the San Juan River serves as a drain to the Caribbean Sea, and the Tipitapa River connects it to Lake Managua (also known as Xolotlán). This allows sharks to reach the lake along the San Juan River, swimming against the current, from the Atlantic ocean. Nicaraguan cuisine offers a variety of dishes, drinks and desserts. Its staple food is corn. One of its most popular forms is natales: corn dumplings stuffed with vegetables and cooked and wrapped in banana leaves. Another typical dish is "gallo pinto," a dish that combines white rice with small red beans. The most popular sporting activity in Nicaragua is baseball, followed closely by boxing. The country has a long tradition in these two sports, with 15 world boxing champions and major baseball stars who have played in the most important leagues in the world.
柔萨莉亚 塔杜斯妮丝在另一版《一起说说西班牙语》开启新一程的拉丁美洲之旅。改编版第八版本带领我们前往中美洲面积最长的国家观光游览。想和拉美国家的观众聊聊吗?有过向讲西班牙语的国家出口或兜售您的产品和服务?柔萨莉亚 塔杜斯妮丝邀请您加入此次虚拟语言的旅行,穿越拉丁美洲各个国家,与您一同探索中美洲国家的多样性以及文化丰富性。这个四月我们就将前往以其丰富的自然资源而闻名于世的中美洲最长国家——尼加拉瓜。 尼加拉瓜,这个名字据说是源于纳瓦特语,寓意“紧挨着水的地方”。还有一种说法认为尼加拉瓜源自美洲印第安人国王尼卡劳——他在西班牙人入侵前一直统治着今天的尼加拉瓜和哥斯达黎加,但是这种说法则得到较少历史学家的赞同。 尼加拉瓜,水产资源丰富。其境内的科奇博尔卡湖是中美洲最大湖泊,同样也称为拉丁美洲第三大湖泊,其面积是八千二百六十四平方公里。改过其他两个重要水资源是中美洲第二大河流索罗特兰湖和全部流经中美洲地峡的最长河流安可可湖。 坐落于太平洋火环,尼加拉瓜为地球上受地震影响最严重的地区。所以其首都马那瓜的建筑很少,是世界上领土面积和周边地区都有火山泻湖的城市。这里还有58座火山,里面的六座火山活动活跃。 许多尼加拉瓜街道都未命名。对当地居民的生活却并未有多大影响,因为他们设计出有效参照--树,红绿灯,纪念碑诸如此类用来描述位置,然后计算到达下个目的地要多久。比如,“圣安娜教堂红绿灯以西的街区”或“教堂以南的两个街区,学院以东的半个街区,银行前面。” 鲁文·达利奥,诗人,记者以及外交家,开创西班牙现代主义文学运动。该尼加拉瓜作家对二十世纪西班牙诗歌影响很大,赢得了“卡斯蒂利亚书信王子”名号。马那瓜国家剧院由他的名字命名而成,其声学设计很棒,被《纽约时报》称作拉丁美洲最好剧院。 尼加拉瓜人也被俗称为“尼卡斯”或“皮勒诺斯”。“尼卡”是“尼加拉瓜人”的缩写。“皮勒诺斯”指的是糖炒玉米粉(是由烘烤及磨碎玉米制成的粉末,当面包屑用)。 在尼加拉瓜,有两处由联合国教科文组织授予的世界遗产:分别是莱昂城遗址和大教堂,这个大教堂是中美洲最大,非洲第三大的。 除此之外,还有联合国教科文组织授予的三种文化遗产,那就是加里富纳语言,音乐和文化。Güegüense-一部讽刺作品,是尼加拉瓜文学中第一部戏剧,可能也是美洲的第一部戏剧。 尼加拉瓜湖,又称科西博尔卡湖,是唯一一个有海洋生物的淡水湖,比如鲨鱼,剑鱼和塔蓬鱼。该现象出现在圣胡安河通往加勒比海的排水沟里,蒂皮塔帕河与马那瓜湖相连。让鲨鱼能从大西洋逆流一路沿圣胡安河抵达湖中。 尼加拉瓜拥有多种类型的美味佳肴,饮品,甜点。主食为玉米。纳塔莱丝是玉米最受欢迎的做法:也就是玉米饺子,在里面塞满蔬菜,用香蕉叶煮熟并包好。还有就是“加洛平托”,种将白米饭和小红豆一起烹饪的食物。 在这里,棒球是最受欢迎的运动,然后是拳击。在这两项运动上该国拥有悠久传统,15位世界拳击冠军和主要棒球明星都是尼加拉瓜人,都曾在国际上最重要的联赛中比赛。