How to Create a Master Production Schedule

如何创建主生产计划

2021-04-02 07:25 project manager

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Manufacturing is a complex process. It requires a balance of production capacity and the necessary materials to fulfill orders. Once you’ve got your inventory secured, you need to schedule your production. Creating a master production schedule is crucial in ensuring your supplies match demand. A robust master production schedule also supports your sales force and strengthens your businesses’ capacity to meet the needs of your customers. Create a master production schedule and track your progress with ProjectManager.com’s Gantt charts. Click to learn more! What Is a Master Production Schedule? A master production schedule outlines which products will be manufactured and when they are made. This includes data from the bills of material, which is a list of all the raw materials required to produce your product. This list is integrated with your current inventory to determine if any procurement for further materials is needed to begin manufacturing. This schedule outlines the various processes and resources to make production move forward smoothly while identifying potential bottlenecks and creating plans to avoid them. It can be the difference between an organization making a profit or experiencing a loss in revenue. The Schedule Keeps the Team Connected A master production schedule also serves as a channel for communication between the sales and the manufacturing teams. Because this is a continuous dialogue, the master production schedule is flexible and open to change as needed. To summarize, it’s a plan for making whatever commodity your organization produces. It schedules production of that commodity, but also includes the staffing and inventory that are required. The plan itself is determined by the demand for the product, which information is provided by sales. Function of a Master Production Schedule Having a plan that can forecast the demand for your product over a period of time is the primary purpose of a master production schedule. Other than that, it also saves time managing the various processes involved in the manufacturing of your product. The main functions include: Planning: Balancing market demand to materials, labor and the capacity of your equipment to deliver the goods. Make Adjustments to Schedule: Schedules need to have a contingency for unexpected delays or mistakes that stop the flow of product. Prevent Stockouts: Planning for capacity requirements to maintain output of production. Improve Efficiency and Control Costs: The better the plan, the more likely you’ll stay on schedule and identify potential efficiencies. Another function is to keep your commitments to your customer base. Manufacturing only works when it serves its customers on time and within budget. When you have the right master production schedule process, your demand flows smoother, lead times improve, communication is standardized, requirements are prioritized and production is kept stable. Master Production Schedule Process When making a master production schedule, you need to follow a process to fulfill the function of the schedule. The best way to do that is by following these steps. Start with a demand plan, which maps all the demands that your master production schedule is going to respond to. Identify all the raw materials you’ll need and secure a supply chain to deliver those materials to your production. Develop a proposal of the master production schedule to make sure the schedule is able to meet its requirements. Make any calculations necessary to see if it can meet the demands of your master production schedule draft. These calculations should continue throughout the process to make sure you’re always meeting demand. Once you’ve tested the draft and it meets your requirements, you can ensure that it aligns with your customer service, resources and the investment you’ve made into inventory. The next step is making sure you clearly communicate the production schedule to everyone who is involved in the manufacturing process. You want to make sure your team is on the same page. Return to your schedule to see if your supply is balanced with demand. It should tell you whether you need to increase or decrease production. This will make sure you produce the orders generated by your sales team and deliver them on time and with the expected quality. What Goes Into a Master Production Schedule? Before you make your master production schedule, you need a demand plan to understand what your customers want. A demand plan depends on accurate historical sales data, which will help you figure out what demand will be in the coming weeks. The demand plan must be regularly reviewed and updated. It’s helpful to have what’s called a safety stock stored in case demand unexpectedly spikes. This will carry you through the period while you update your master production schedule. Don’t neglect to replenish your safety stock after you use it. The master production schedule will include these parts. Product List: A listing of all the products you make. Variation Sublist: You want a column with variations, such as sizes or color. Dates: Any schedule must have dates to accurately forecast demand and delivery. It’s best to break your schedule into months and weeks and adjust as needed. Production Quantities: This is the number of units you’re going to manufacture each week. Be sure to break this up to include how many units of each variation are made up of the total number. How to Use a Master Production Schedule There are several ways to use a master production schedule, but the best way is to keep it simple. If it tries to cover too much then you’ll lose efficiency. That said, without enough details, there will be issues with production. The master production schedule must be flexible to match the different types of production operations. The common factor is that all the schedules are based on the smallest number of production options. For example, when working on items built from a larger number of components, such as a computer, the master production schedule would focus on the finished goods. However, in the opposite environment, where many goods are made from a smaller amount of raw materials, the schedule will focus on the delivery of raw materials. Benefits of Using a Master Production Schedule The main benefits of using a master production schedule are that it helps with your demand planning, which is an ongoing concern in manufacturing. The better you understand your manufacturing process, the better you’ll be able to plan to meet the changing demands of your customer base. Inventory is also helped by using a master production schedule. Over time, the ideal level of inventory is clear and you’ll always have that stock to dip into as needed. This includes resources, so your HR department knows in advance how many people you’ll need to run production. The master production schedule helps you avoid stockouts and helps you better schedule maintenance in the plant because you know how long production will take. It also makes for a more accurate estimate of what inventory you’ll need, which helps with future procurement. How ProjectManager.com Manages Your Master Production Schedule ProjectManager.com is an award-winning software that organizes work, teams and projects. Using project management tools can help you plan, schedule and implement manufacturing processes more efficiently. Using our online Gantt chart helps you manage your product manufacturing across a timeline with resources, such as raw materials, tracked by cost to make sure you’re never overspending. Even better, the dynamic Gantt chart is flexible and can be quickly edited to reflect changes in orders and capacity. Gantt charts are planning tools that help you schedule tasks across a timeline. You can then link any dependent tasks to avoid bottlenecks in your manufacturing. For example, if a strap needs to be stitched to the body of a handbag before the embroidery can be added, you identify this dependency and link the two tasks to keep production running smoothly. The Gantt can also be shared, and because the tool is cloud-based, all the data about your manufacturing process is collected in real-time. Therefore, if there’s a delay with needed materials you can easily adjust the schedule. The master production schedule needs to reflect demand and supply. Therefore, it also needs a tool that can give you a high-level view of your production. The real-time dashboard collects data and automatically calculates time, costs and other metrics to give you a high-level view of your production. ProjectManager.com is an award-winning tool that organizes your manufacturing to help you work more productively. Plan, schedule and adjust your master production schedule as demand and capacity require. Try our cloud-based software today for free with this 30-day trial. How to Make a Construction Schedule 11 Must-Have Project Management Excel Templates A Quick Guide to Change Orders for Construction & Other Industries Production Schedule Template
制造是一个复杂的过程。它需要平衡生产能力和完成订单所需的材料。只要你的库存安全得到保证,就需要安排生产。 创建一个主生产计划是至关重要的,以确保您的供应符合需求。一个强大的主生产计划也支持您的销售队伍,并加强您的企业的能力,以满足您的客户的需求。 创建主生产计划并跟踪进度ProjectManager.com的甘特图。点击了解更多! 什么是主生产计划? 主生产计划概述了将要生产的产品以及何时生产。这包括来自物料清单的数据,物料清单是生产产品所需的所有原材料的列表。此列表与您当前的库存相结合,以确定是否需要采购更多材料才能开始生产。 该计划概述了使生产顺利进行的各种过程和资源,同时明确了潜在的瓶颈并制定了避免这些瓶颈的计划。它可以是一个组织盈利或经历收入损失之间的区别。 团队用日程表时刻保持联系 主生产计划表也是销售和生产团队之间沟通的渠道。因为这是一个持续的对话,主生产计划是灵活的,可以根据需要随时进行更改。 总而言之,这是一个计划,可以让你的组织生产任何商品。它安排了该商品的生产,同时也包括所需的人员和库存。计划本身是由对产品的需求所决定的,这些信息是由销售人员提供的。 主生产计划的功能 制定一个能够预测一段时间内产品需求的计划是主生产计划的主要目的。除此之外,它还节省了管理产品制造过程中涉及的各种过程的时间。 主要功能包括: 计划:平衡市场对材料、劳动力的需求和设备的交货能力。 调整进度表:计划需要有一个意外的延迟或错误,阻止产品流动的应急措施。 避免短缺:计划产能需求需维持生产产量。 提高效率并控制成本:计划越好,越有可能按计划行事同时确定潜在的效率。 另一个功能是保持对客户群的承诺。只有在预算内按时为客户提供服务的情况下,制造业才能发挥作用。 当您拥有正确的主生产计划流程时,您的需求流将更加顺畅,交付周期将得到改善,沟通将标准化,需求将得到优先排序,生产将保持稳定。 主生产计划流程 在制定主生产计划时,您需要遵循一个流程来实现计划的功能。最好的方法是遵循以下步骤。 从需求计划开始,它映射出主生产计划要响应的所有需求。 确定您需要的所有原材料,并确保供应链能够将这些材料交付到您的生产中。 制定主生产计划的建议,以确保计划能够满足其要求。 做任何必要的计算,看看它是否能满足您的主生产计划草案的要求。这些计算应该贯穿整个过程,以确保始终满足需求。 一旦您测试了草稿,并且它满足了您的要求,您就可以确保它与您的客户服务、资源以及您对库存的投资保持一致。 下一步是确保你清楚地将生产计划传达给每个参与生产过程的人。你要确保你的团队意见一致。 回到你的日程,看看你的供给和需求是否平衡。它应该告诉你是需要增产还是减产。这将确保您的销售团队生成订单,并以预期的质量按时交付。 什么是主生产计划? 在制定主生产计划之前,您需要一个需求计划来了解客户的需求。一个需求计划取决于准确的历史销售数据,这将帮助你了解未来几周的需求。必须定期审查和更新需求计划。 储存所谓的安全库存是有帮助的,以防需求意外激增。当您更新主生产计划时,这将使您度过这段时间。使用后不要忘记补充安全库存。 主生产计划包括以下几个部分。 产品清单:你生产的所有产品的清单。 变体子列表:您希望列具有变体,例如大小或颜色。 日期:任何计划都必须有准确预测需求和交货的日期。最好把你的时间表分成几个月和几个星期,并根据需要进行调整。 生产数量:这是你每周要生产的单位数量。一定要把这个分解,包括每个变量的多少个单位是由总数组成的。 如何使用主生产计划 有几种方法可以使用主生产计划,但最好的方法是保持简单。如果它试图覆盖太多,那么你就会失去效率。也就是说,如果没有足够的细节,生产就会出现问题。 主生产计划必须灵活,以适应不同类型的生产作业。共同的因素是,所有的时间表是基于最小数量的生产选择。 例如,在处理由大量组件(如计算机)构建的项目时,主生产计划将重点放在成品上。然而,在相反的环境中,许多货物是由少量原材料制成的,时间表将侧重于原材料的交付。 使用主生产计划的好处 使用主生产计划的主要好处是,它有助于您的需求规划,这是制造业一直关注的问题。你越了解你的制造过程,你就能够更好地计划满足客户群不断变化的需求。 库存也有助于使用主生产计划。随着时间的推移,理想的库存水平是明确的,你总是有库存,可以根据需要。这包括资源,所以你的人力资源部门提前知道你需要多少人来运行生产。 主生产计划可以帮助您避免缺货,并帮助您更好地安排工厂的维护,因为您知道生产需要多长时间。这也有助于更准确地估计你需要什么样的库存,这有助于未来的采购。 ProjectManager.com如何管理主生产计划 ProjectManager.com是一个获奖的软件,组织工作,团队和项目。使用项目管理工具可以帮助您更有效地计划、安排和实施制造过程。 使用我们的在线甘特图,可以帮助您在时间线上管理产品制造,并按成本跟踪资源(如原材料),以确保您不会超支。更妙的是,动态甘特图非常灵活,可以快速编辑以反映订单和容量的变化。 甘特图是一种计划工具,可以帮助您跨时间线安排任务。然后可以链接任何相关任务,以避免制造中的瓶颈。例如,如果在添加刺绣之前需要将一条带子缝合到手袋的主体上,则可以确定此依赖关系,并将这两个任务链接起来,以保持生产顺利进行。 甘特图也可以共享,因为该工具是基于云的,所以所有关于制造过程的数据都是实时收集的。因此,如果需要的材料有延误,你可以很容易地调整时间表。 主生产计划需要反映需求和供应。因此,它还需要一个工具,可以给您一个高层次的生产视图。实时仪表板收集数据,并自动计算时间、成本和其他指标,为您提供生产的高级视图。 ProjectManager.com是一个获奖的工具,组织您的生产,以帮助您更有效地工作。根据需求和产能要求,计划、安排和调整主生产计划。今天免费试用我们的云计算软件,试用期为30天。 如何编制进度计划 11个必需的项目管理Excel模板 建筑和其他行业变更单快速指南 生产计划模板

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